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Supporting Students’ Metacognition Skills

by | Apr 11, 2023 | Executive Functioning | 0 comments

What is Metacognition?

Have you noticed a student who struggles with monitoring their progress when completing tasks? You may see these students struggle with self-reflection and utilizing problem-solving skills to complete challenging assignments or tests.  All of these are examples of metacognition skills. The good news is school psychs can support students and their metacognition skills. Let’s find out how!

Metacognition Within the Classroom Environment

How can school psychs support teachers in providing support for students who struggle with metacognition skills? During a consultation with teachers, school psychs can suggest using a rubric for graded assignments or asking students to grade their own assignments and explain why they feel they deserve their grades. Embedding questions into daily classroom instruction is also beneficial. Examples include asking students how they solved a problem or encouraging them to think of other ways to solve it. 

How Can Metacognition be Taught to Students?

According to research, the best procedure for teaching children to use their metacognitive skills is similar to teaching any of the executive skills:

  • Defining the skill(s) to be learned
  • Listing the steps the student goes through in using the skill(s)
  • Practicing the skill(s) in a more controlled setting
  • Cueing the child to use the skill(s) in their natural environment
  • Reinforcing the student for using the skill(s) either verbally or through the use of an incentive system and, finally, fading the cues and reinforcement

Imagine how difficult problem-solving and completing daily tasks would be if you struggled with weak metacognition skills. School psychs are uniquely positioned to help students feel empowered and support teachers in strengthening their students’ metacognition skills. Start today by downloading Jenny’s Metacognition document below.  

Inside our Prepared School Psych community, you can discover how to promote metacognition development, support students in making homework plans, research-based classroom strategies, and more! We have several information-packed resources for other areas of executive functioning as well. Join our Prepared School Psych community and unlock your exclusive benefits today!

Dawson, P. & Guare, R. (2018). Executive skills in children and adolescents: A practical guide to assessment and intervention (3rd ed.). The Guilford Publications Inc.
Dawson, P., Guare, R., & Guare, C. (2013). Smart but scattered teens. The Guilford Publications Inc.

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